What is surname?

surname meaning in Information Science terminology / glossary / dictionary is:

A shared name that identifies members of the same family (example: Patterson), as distinct from a given name (example: Samantha) that may be the same as that of a close or distant relative but is also likely to be shared with persons outside the family (to learn more, try Surname Web or the Yahoo! list of Web sites on lineages and surnames). In library cataloging, personal name entries begin with the surname, with form of name subject to authority control. Synonymous with last name. See also: compound surname and patronymic.


reference: ABC-CLIO