Repurchase/Resale Agreements

A repurchase agreement is a transaction involving the “sale” of
financial assets by one party to another, subject to an agreement by the “seller” to repurchase the assets at a specified date or in specified circumstances. A resale agreement (also known as a reverse repurchase agreement) is a transaction involving the “purchase” of financial assets by one party from another, subject to an agreement by the “purchaser” to resell the assets at a specified date or in specified circumstances.
As stated in the AICPA’s Audit and Accounting Guide for Banks and Savings Institutions, dollar repurchase agreements (also called dollar rolls) are agreements to sell and repurchase similar but not identical securities. The dollar roll market consists primarily of agreements that involve mortgage-backed securities (MBS). Dollar rolls differ from regular repurchase agreements in that the securities sold and repurchased, which are usually of the same issuer, are represented by different certificates, are collateralized by different but similar mortgage pools (for example, single-family residential mortgages), and generally have different principal amounts.
General rule

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