What is cloth?

cloth meaning in Information Science terminology / glossary / dictionary is:

A generic term for any woven material used since the early 19th century to cover the boards of a book, as opposed to the leather, parchment, or vellum used in earlier bookbinding or the paper covers used today. Dyed book cloth used in edition binding is woven from cotton or linen, filled with starch sizing, or coated or impregnated with some other compound to prevent adhesives from penetrating, then pressed under heat. Because the covers of cloth-bound trade editions are not designed to withstand heavy use, publishers add an attractively designed paper dust jacket for protection (and marketing purposes). Volumes that must withstand heavy use are often given a library binding in a heavier, more durable material such as buckram. The term is also used in publishers’ catalogs to distinguish the hardcover from the softcover edition of a work. For examples of cloth bindings, see the online exhibition Cover Story: 19th Century Cloth Book Covers (George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida). Synonymous with cloth-bound. See also: half cloth, publisher’s cloth, and quarter cloth.Cloth was also used as a covering material in luxury hand-binding of the 16th and 17th centuries. Bindings in canvas, satin, or velvet were often embroidered in silk and/or metallic thread. To see examples, try a keywords search on the phrase “satin or velvet” in the British Library‘s Database of Bookbindings. See also: textile binding.


reference: ABC-CLIO