What is Privacy Act?
Privacy Act meaning The Privacy Act of 1974, 5 U.S.C. 552a (as amended), and its implementing regulations (45 CFR part 5b) provide certain safeguards for information about individuals maintained in a system of records (i.e., information may be retrieved by the individual’s name or other identifying information). These safeguards include the rights of individuals to know what information about them is maintained in Federal agencies’ files (hard copy or electronic) and how it is used, how they may obtain access to their records, and how to correct, amend, or request deletion of information in their records that is factually incorrect. Records maintained by NIH with respect to grant applications, grant awards, and the administration of grants are subject to the provisions of the Privacy Act.
reference: Glossary of NIH Terms