What is gastrulation?

gastrulation meaning during embryonic development of most animals, a complex and coordinated series of cellular movements occurs at the end of cleavage. The details of these movements vary among species, but usually result in the formation of of an embryonic stage termed the gastrula. The gastrula has two primary germ layers, the ectoderm and endoderm in diploblastic animals, and three primary germ layers with the development of the mesoderm in triploblastic animals

Image of early gastrula
An early gastrula. The cells at the vegetal hemisphere have begun to invaginate into the blastocoel, forming the archenteron. (Photo: Dr. Anna E. Ross, Christian Brothers University, TN)


reference: Coral Reef Information System – Glossary

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