Sleep apnea

What is Sleep apnea?

Sleep apnea meaning Sleep apnea is a common disorder that causes breathing to stop or get very shallow. Breathing pauses can last from a few seconds to minutes. They may occur 30 times or more an hour.The most common type is obstructive sleep apnea. It causes the airway to collapse or become blocked during sleep. Normal breathing starts again with a snort or choking sound. People with sleep apnea often snore loudly. However, not everyone who snores has sleep apnea.Risk factors for sleep apnea include: overweight, male, or have a family history or small airways. Children with enlarged tonsils may also get it.Doctors diagnose sleep apnea based on medical and family histories, a physical exam, and sleep study results.When sleep is interrupted throughout the night, drowsiness may occur during the day. People with sleep apnea are at higher risk for car crashes, work-related accidents, and other medical problems. ILifestyle changes, mouthpieces, surgery, and breathing devices can treat sleep apnea in many people.

 

reference: national Cancer Institute – Glossary for Registrars

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