Direct process end use

What is Direct process end use?

Direct process end use meaning Those end uses that are specific to the carrying out of manufacturing. They include process heating, process cooling and refrigeration, machine drive, electrochemical processes, and other process uses. “Direct” denotes that only the quantities of electricity or fossil fuel used in their original state (i.e., not transformed) are included in the estimates.


reference: Glossary – U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

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