Bone

What is Bone?

Bone meaning Bone, or osseous tissue, is a form of dense connective tissue in which the intercellular substance, or matrix, is infiltrated with calcium salts. It is a vascular tissue permeated with canaliculi, which are tiny canals that connect the lacunae with each other and serve as a transport system (Haversian system) between the blood capillaries and the bone cells.There are multiple types of bones1. Long bones-found in arms and legs.2. Short bones-short and cuboid or irregular shape. Found in wrist and ankle bones (carpal and tarsal).3. Flat bones-protection for the soft body parts. Found in ribs, sternum, scapulae and bones of pelvis and skull.4. Irregular bones-similar in structure to flat bones, but because of a peculiar shape, are included in own classification. Found in vertebrae, sacrum, ethmoid, sphenoid and ear bones of skull.5. Round bones-small, flat round sesamoid bones. Function of the round bones is to eliminate or reduce friction. Patella or kneecap is the largest sesamoid bone.The outside of the bone is covered by a fibrous membrance, the periosteum. Blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and nerves are present in the periosteum and enter the Haversian canals of the compact bone to become vessels of the Haversian system permeating the entire bone.

 

reference: national Cancer Institute – Glossary for Registrars

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