What is Ovary?

Ovary meaning The ovaries, female gonads, are the shape and size of large almonds and are located one on either side of the uterus, below and behind the fallopian tubes. Each ovary lies between the folds of the broad ligament and is attached to its posterior surface by the mesovarian ligament. The ovarian ligament anchors it to the uterus. The distal portion of the fallopian tube curves about the ovary so that a fimbriated cup hangs over each ovary but is not actually attached to it. Ovarian tumors are frequently bilateral. They spread by implantation to the peritoneum, omentum and serosal surfaces. They may also arise as independent primaries with no evidence of intraperitoneal spread. The regional lymph nodes for the ovary: common iliac, internal iliac, hypogastric, external iliac, lateral sacral, aortic (para-, peri-, lateral), inguinal (rare) and pelvic, NOS


reference: national Cancer Institute – Glossary for Registrars

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